About Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi

ජය ශ්‍රී මහා බෝධිය වඳින ගාථාව පහලින්...

Lord Gautama Buddha is taken into account as the Greatest soul appeared on earth. The reputable one achieved the eternal bliss of Samma Sambodhi or the Enlightenment, ending the continual circle of samsara, the existence. this excellent event materialized 2600 years agone seated along with his back against underneath an Esathu tree by the river Neranjana in the Bodhgaya, India. because the ascetic Siddhartha attained the Sambodhi Gnana underneath the shade of the Esathu tree, this extremely commemorated tree came to be called the ‘Bodhi’.

The southern branch of this sacred tree in Bodhgaya was ceremonially brought to Sri Lanka by Arahant Sanghamitta MahaTheree in 236 bc, with the patronage of Emperor Dharmasoka. King Devanampiyatissa planted this Bodhi tree in his Royal Park ‘Maha Meghavana Udyanaya’ in Anuradhapura, underneath the steering of Arahant Mihindu Maha Thero. Since then, this extremely sacred Bodhi equivalent to the living Buddha dwells there shining with glory. The Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi of Anuradhapura is that the oldest living tree of the entire world with a written history.

The sacred city of Anuradhapura has been nominated by UNESCO as a World Heritage. the main reason for the historic town of Anuradhapura to become a sacred city was the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi.

This sacred tree has been planted within the historical Maha Megha Vana Royal Park in Anuradhapura in the month of ‘Unduvap’ (December), 236 BC, consistent with the written facts. The sacred Bodhi tree has been ceremonially brought here by Arahant Sanghamitta Maha Theree, underneath directions of Arahant Mihindu Maha Thero. King Devanampiyatissa who ruled Sri Lanka during this period has planted this Bodhi tree with great pageantry within the Maha Megha Vana Royal Park dedicated to the venerable bhikkhus. the current age of the Anuradhapura Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi is 2,247 years.

Jaya Sri Maha Bodhiya Wandana Gathawa

Accordingly, the oldest tree of the entire world with a written history is that the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi of Anuradhapura.
This tree belongs to the family of trees called ‘asvastha’ in Sanskrit, ‘asvattha’ in Pali, ‘aesatu’ in Sinhala. Botanists have named it ‘ficus religiosa’ taking into account its religious significance.

Lord Buddha is esteemed as the greatest soul appeared on earth. He attained Samma Sambodhi, enlightenment, seated along with his back against it underneath the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi tree of Bodhgaya, India. The Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi of Anuradhapura being the southern branch of that sacred Bodhi tree is that the second most special reason.

Within a short period of conveyance the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi sapling to Sri Lanka, the original Bodhi tree of India was destroyed by Queen Thishyarakkha, a queen of Emperor Dharmashoka observant a different faith. The saplings up from its roots were destroyed twice because of hostilities and natural disasters. it's a fourth generation Bodhi tree that dwells in Bodhgaya presently.

But, what we see living in Anuradhapura is that the southern branch of the original Bodhi tree underneath that Gautama Buddha was seated with his back against it. Therefore, the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi tree of Anuradhapura is that the only sacred relic within the whole world equivalent to the living Buddha, that has been sanctified by the touch of the Lord Buddha and was subjected to the deference of the honored one himself for one whole week through ‘Animisa Lochana Pooja’.

It is a specialty here that, this extremely sacred Bodhi may well be seen and idolized by anyone while not hindrance.

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Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi (Sinhala: ජය ශ්‍රී මහා බොධිය) is a bo tree tree within the Mahamewna Gardens, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. it's aforementioned to be the southern branch from the historical Sri Maha Bodhi at Buddha Gaya in India underneath that Lord Buddha attained Enlightenment. it had been planted in 288 bc, and is that the oldest living human-planted tree within the world with best-known planting date. nowadays it's one of the foremost sacred relics of the Buddhists in Sri Lanka and revered by Buddhists everywhere the globe.

The other fig trees that surround the sacred tree defend it from storms and animals like monkeys, bats, etc.[citation needed]

In Apr 2014, the govt. banned all construction at intervals five hundred meters of the tree. solely construction that clearly won't damage the tree are going to be allowed.

Buddhists on the Island have had a observe of visiting and paying deference to the foremost sacred Bodhi tree. it's an annual custom for pilgrims from far-away villages to go to the city of Anuradhapura and to pay homage to the Sri Maha Bodhi. The caretaker of this site provides numerous offerings on a day to day. The Buddhists normally have a robust belief that offerings created to the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi have made vital and positive changes in their life. it's additionally been customary for several Buddhists to create a special vow before the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi for the safe delivery of their babies while not malformations and for many different cures. it's additionally been a long tradition among farmers around Anuradhapura to offer the Sri Maha Bodhi tree the rice prepared from their 1st paddy harvest. They powerfully believe that such offerings result in a sustained paddy production with the smallest amount sufferings from drought moreover as pesterer attacks, as well as elephant harm.

History

In the third century bc, it had been brought to Sri Lanka by Sangamitta Theri (Pali; Skt.: Sanghamitra), the daughter of Emperor Asoka and founder of an order of Buddhist nuns in Sri Lanka. In 288 bc it had been planted by King Devanampiya Tissa on a high terrace regarding 6.5 m (21.3 ft) above the ground in the Mahamevnāwa Park in Anuradhapura and enclosed by railings.

Contributions

Several ancient kings have contributed in developing this religious site. King Vasabha placed four Buddha statues in four side of the sacred tree. King Voharika Tissa added metallic statues. King Mahanaga constructed a water canal around the sacred tree and King Sena II restored it.

The present wall was created by Ilupandeniye Athtadassi Thero throughout the reign of King Kirti Sri Rajasinha, to guard it from wild elephants which could have broken the tree. the peak of the wall is ten foot (3.0 m); and five foot (1.5 m) in thickness; its length from north to south is 388 foot (118.3 m) and from east to west 274 foot (83.5 m).

The first golden fence around the sacred tree was created by some Buddhist followers in Kandy underneath the steering of Yatirawana Narada Thero in 1969. The iron fence below the on top of golden fence was created by people of Gonagala underneath the steering of Yagirala Pannananda Thero.

Ancient models

Two statues of Lord [Buddha] is seen within the image-house; a stone-standing-statue is in the right facet of the stone wall. The cobra-stone may be a terribly rare creation, showing the embossed figure of cobra. several monolith heads with plain incisions are during this religious site.

Discoveries

Ruins of an ancient building known as Mayura Pirivena (Mayura Monastery) are found to the south-west of the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, and therefore the ruins of a stupa known as Dakkhina Tupa (Southern Monastery) is seen nearby.

According to the traditional chronicles in Sri Lanka, some walls and terraces had been designed encompassing the sacred tree at some time within the past. Mahavamsa states that King Gothabhaya designed a rubble wall. Dipavamsa reports that a rock-laid terrace and a lattice wall was built by King Kirthi Sri Meghavarna.

During excavation for reconstructing the current wall, the rubble wall with its foundation created by King Gotabhya, and therefore the rock-laid terrace beside a lattice wall constructed by King Kirthi Sri Meghavarna were found. These were preserved at place, and were opened to public in January 2010.

Incidents
Two branches of the sacred tree were broken throughout separate storms in 1907 and 1911. an individual cut down a branch in 1929.[citation needed] Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam shot and massacred variety of Sinhalese-Buddhists on the upper terrace in 1985. This incident is known as the Anuradhapura massacre.
Jaya Sri Maha Bodhiya